Services - Neurology
Neurology is the medical specialty which focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain and nervous system. Neurology is about treating stroke patients, as well as patients with epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and hundreds of other neurological issues, some of which are acute, others of which may be ongoing, or chronic.
TESTS WHICH COME UNDER NEUROLOGY?
Electromyography, or EMG, involves testing the electrical activity of muscles. Often, EMG testing is performed with another test that measures the conducting function of nerves. This is called a nerve conduction study. Because both tests are often performed at the same office visit and by the same personnel, the risks and procedures generally apply to both tests.
Muscular movement involves the action of muscles and nerves and needs an electrical current. This electrical current is much weaker than the one in your household wiring.
In some medical conditions the electrical activity of the muscles or nerves is not normal. Finding and describing these electrical properties in the muscle or nerve may help your doctor diagnose your condition.
EMG may aid with the diagnosis of nerve compression or injury (such as carpal tunnel syndrome), nerve root injury (such as sciatica), and with other problems of the muscles or nerves. Less common medical conditions include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, and muscular dystrophy.
People usually have a small amount of discomfort during EMG testing because of pin insertion. Disposable needles are used so there is no risk of infection.
During nerve conduction studies, small electrodes are taped to the skin or placed around fingers. You typically experience a brief and mild shock, which may be a bit unpleasant. Most people find it only slightly annoying.
No specific preparation is needed for the testing.
During the Procedure
During EMG, small pins or needles are inserted into muscles to measure electrical activity. The needles are different than needles used for injection of medications. They are small and solid, not hollow like hypodermic needles. Because no medication is injected, discomfort is much less than with shots.
- You will be asked to contract your muscles by moving a small amount during the testing.
- With nerve conduction studies, small electrodes will be taped to your skin or placed around your fingers. You typically will experience a mild and brief tingling or shock, which may be a bit unpleasant.
- The person who administers the test will explain the procedure. Often muscle activity is monitored through a speaker during the test, which may make a popping or soft roaring noise. The EMG technician will be looking at an oscilloscope, which looks like a small TV set during the procedure.
- Testing may take 30-60 minutes.
Q. How significant is the radiation in an X-ray?
The average amount of exposure to an X-ray is very low and is well within the acceptable amount recommended.
Q. What does one do if an X-ray is required during pregnancy?
The X-ray technician should be informed and he should cover the lower abdomen with a lead apron. In case one's pregnancy status is unknown, it is still a good idea to ask for protective cover.
Q. Isn't barium awful to taste?
No, at Star Imaging, it is pleasantly flavored.
Q. How long does a barium test take to perform?
An upper G.I. series takes 30 minutes. A full study takes 3-4 hours.
Q. In these days of hi-tech investigations, are X-rays getting redundant?
No, X-rays are the most cost-effective means of diagnosis, particularly when diseases of chest, bones & joints are concerned.
|1||BAER/BERA||Head wash, no hair oil to be applied, no fasting required, Prior Appointment..|
|2||EEG DIGITAL||Head wash, no hair oil to be applied, no fasting required, Prior Appointment..|
|3||EEG DIGITAL (WITH CD RECORD)||Head wash, no hair oil to be applied, no fasting required, Prior Appointment..|
|4||EMG (ALL FOUR LIMBS)||Nil.|
|5||EMG (UPPER OR LOWER LIMBS)||Nil..|
|6||EMG + NCV (NCS) (ALL FOUR LIMBS)||Nil.|
|7||EMG + NCV (NCS) (UPPER OR LOWER LIMBS)||Nil.|
|8||FACIAL / BLINK||Nil..|
|9||NCV (NCS) (ALL FOUR LIMBS)||Nil..|
|10||NCV (NCS) (UPPER OR LOWER LIMBS)||Nil..|
|11||REPETITIVE NERVE STIMULATION (RNS) (FOR MYASTHENIA GRAVIS)||Nil.|
|12||SSEP ((UPPER OR LOWER LIMBS)||Head wash, no hair oil to be applied, no fasting required, Prior Appointment..|
|13||SSEP (ALL FOUR LIMBS)||Head wash, no hair oil to be applied, no fasting required, Prior Appointment..|
|14||VEP/VER||Head wash, no hair oil to be applied, no fasting required, Prior Appointment..|